During autumn, everything is under leaves, and before we know it, there’s snow. That doesn’t do the garden much good, so it’s worth considering whether we should secure it before winter. The best way to do this is by digging it up.
What is digging good for?
November and with it the leaf fall is over. The leaves are an impenetrable wall under which everything rots. That’s why it’s recommended to dig up the garden in autumn. This creates enough space for water and air, and nutrients can reach the deeper roots. But it is important to mix it with fertiliser and nutritious soil to make the soil more fertile. However, many people don’t like the idea of over-digging because they think it will disturb the soil structure. However, if we do deep excavation in late autumn, the winter months should provide plenty of time for regeneration. It will also kill a number of pests as they become easier food for birds.
Soil types and what it affects
It must not be forgotten that soil has different compositions and consistencies, and each requires individual care.
- heavy soils – clays and loams, low permeability
- medium soil – good response to digging
- light soil – sandy soils, podzols
In heavy soils, it is advisable to incorporate coarse sand or fine gravel when digging, as otherwise the roots may rot. The clods will break down in the soil, which will then improve its permeability. The medium soil dries out more quickly by turning, so that the plants can grow better. Finally, light soil, which only responds well to turning when mixed with fertiliser. If it doesn’t get any, you’re doing it a disservice. It is also better to mix in some clay or peat, as its properties will then take a positive turn towards the heavy soil.
What else will help your garden?
If you want to be really careful, you can cover your lawn with straw or compost using what is called mulching. This will prevent the soil from freezing and get rid of the overgrown garden. The straw will then send its nutrients into the grass underneath, which will affect fertility.